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Sea buckthorn (Hippophae L)

What is...

ippofaes kalIn the list of plants with known to modern science pharmaceutical properties Hippophae L owns one of the most distinguished places. Its a bush that grows itself in the region of Eurasia.It is  Known by historical references in the campaigns of Alexander the great, when it was observed that the sick and injured horses were cured by eating the leaves and fruit of the plant.

Sea buckthorn is a perennial, deciduous shrub with a wooden trunk.Its height can reach up to  2 metres, but its growth is slow and the existence of thorns on the stems makes harvesting difficult.

The plant belongs to the  Elaeagnaceae family. The plant genus is Hippophae L. and in Greece the last years have been imported many varieties with controversial results.

How do I select the crop ...

For the choice of the hippofae L crop it is necessary and obligatory the former control  of the suitability of soil and water with which to irrigated farming and of course the study of climatic conditions in the region where the plantation.

Therefore, the first thing that must be done before starting work in the field is the analysis of the soil. More specifically, you will need to take soil samples from random points of the field (3-5) and two levels of depth (0-30 cm and 30-60 cm). In the end, shuffled the surface samples and taken a sample of surface soil and also all the sample depth and taken a soil sample from 30-60 cm. The samples go in soil laboratories that conduct tests for:

  • PH
  • Mechanical texture
  • Content of total and active CaCO3
  • Organic matter content

Can grow in slightly acidic, neutral or slightly alkaline soils, with average composition. It is not particularly demanding in nutrients, though adding organic matter, increases the strength and productivity of plants, while improves the soil structure. The plant is sensitive to heavy, and  tight soils that keep water . The first few years after planting requires irrigation during the summer months, but then it is quite resistant to drought. The monitoring of territorial humidity during the summer months is imposed.

Planting tasks ...

Planting, where the soil and climate is suitable for growing of the plant, can be done in autumn or early spring. The tasks for the correct installation of the Plantation is:

  • Tillage and incorporation of organic matter and  ground improvement (if required).
  • Etching planting lines and planting positions on the lines.The appropriate planting distances (accepted by the scientific group of the cooperative) for  hippophae L is:

Distances between rows

Distances between plants (on line)

Number of plants per hectare

2 meters

3 meters

170

Need male and female plants in a ratio of 1:10 for pollination, due to the fact that the plant is dioecious.

  • Open  planting holes
  • Add biological preparations for plant protection and the better growth of the roots of the plant.
  • Planting the  plants. Attention during planting to avoid damaging the ball of soil of the plant.

Cultivation practices ...

The plant following a review of the international literature and four years of farming on a large scale shows that:

  • Has special requirements in water in the first few years after planting.
  • Facing many difficulties in heavy soil that does not drain.
  • Weeding is required with attention to fight weeds around the root of the plant, because it is not allowed the injury of the root of the plant. The application of mechanical means for tillage should be handled with care and away from the superficial root system as the destruction leads to wilting of the plant.
  • Application of preventive measures compatible with organic farming.
  • Need male and female plants in a ratio of 1:10 for the pollination of flowers because this plant is dioecious.
  • Required winter pruning of literacy of the plant the first three years after planting. Usually the plant is shaped to Cup or in cylindrical shape.
  • Slow to get into full fruition (after the 5th year).

Ways of marketing ...

The Sea buckthorn is available in the pharmaceutical industry because of its high content of antioxidants and vitamins but mainly due to the particularly sour taste makes eating the fruit, either as fresh or as dried, difficult.

 

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Sea buckthorn